Fighting the Urge to Puff: Anti-Tobacco Month - Medshield
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Fighting the Urge to Puff: Anti-Tobacco Month

Posted in Medshield Wellness   |   May 6th, 2019

Tobacco use is the single greatest cause of preventable death globally. As many as half of people who use tobacco die from complications of tobacco use. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that each year tobacco causes about 6 million deaths (about 10% of all deaths) with 600,000 of these occurring in non-smokers due to second hand smoke. The global health burden caused by tobacco smoking is responsible for over two thirds of lung cancer deaths and accounts for one in five cases of Tuberculosis (TB). Even if someone is not a smoker, second-hand smoke from people smoking around them can increase their risk for lung cancer. Tobacco smoking and second-hand smoke can also trigger inactive TB infections. Those with active TB may risk disability or even death by smoking. Smokers with HIV have three times the chance of getting TB compared to non-smokers with HIV. e-Cigarettes are to be included when considering health risks, because the use of these products leads to the emission of fine / ultrafine inhalable liquid particles, nicotine and cancer-causing substances into the air.

World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) is observed around the world every year on 31 May. It is intended to encourage a 24-hour period of abstinence from all forms of tobacco consumption around the globe. The day is further intended to draw attention to the widespread prevalence of tobacco use and to negative health effects, which currently lead to more than 7 million deaths each year worldwide, including 890,000 of which are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke.

The focus of World No Tobacco Day 2019 is on “tobacco and lung health.” The campaign will increase awareness on:

  • the negative impact that tobacco has on people’s lung health, from cancer to chronic respiratory disease,
  • the fundamental role lungs play for the health and well-being of all people

The campaign also serves as a call to action, advocating for effective policies to reduce tobacco consumption and engaging stakeholders across multiple sectors in the fight for tobacco control.

The image of the smoker can vary considerably, but is very often associated, especially in fiction, with individuality and aloofness. For adolescents, it can function as a first step out of childhood or as an act of rebellion against the adult world. Education and counselling by physicians of children and adolescents has been found to be effective in decreasing the risk of tobacco use. Systematic reviews show that psychosocial interventions can help women stop smoking in late pregnancy, reducing low birthweight and preterm births. A 2016 Cochrane review showed that the combination of medication and behavioural support was more effective than minimal interventions or usual care.

To date, WHO has successfully banned countless advertisements, sponsorships, promotion of tobacco and its products through its annual celebration of ideas and campaign for ANTI-TOBACCO DAY. According to the report by WHO, tobacco kills 6 million people all around the world. Various other health-related events are also organized by WHO such as cancer day, blood donor day, AIDS day, Mental health day. To make the world free of diseases and their complications.

Let’s fight the urge to puff and kick Tobacco to the Curb for a healthier you, and a healthier environment!

Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_effects_of_tobacco/

https://www.who.int/tobacco/wntd/en/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smoking

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